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Louis Ignarro

Nobel Prize in Medicine

You have to be completely and totally fearless, because if it doesn't work, it doesn't work. It's okay. You're not going to be penalized for that. Sometimes the way funds are raised to do research throughout the world, especially in this country, make it difficult to think outside the box. For example, you work very hard to write a research application, let's say, to the National Institutes of Health or any other organization. You write down exactly what you're going to do, why you're going to do it, the feasibility of each experiment, blah, blah, blah, and you submit it. And then if you're lucky, 'cause it's so hard to get funded these days, you'll get a few hundred thousand dollars to do your work. Well three years later or four years later, you have to apply for a renewal to continue your research. So you better be able to show that you did those experiments and published them. Otherwise you're not going to get anymore grants. So when do you think outside the box, and where do you get the money to do the experiments that are not planned here? So what I would do is you borrow from Peter to pay Paul. So I have my grant. Okay. I got to go do this experiment. I use this money to experiment outside the box. It works. That allows me to apply for a brand-new grant, and I get funded, and then I pay this guy back. That's what you have to do.
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Louis Ignarro

Nobel Prize in Medicine

Louis Ignarro: When I was in high school, as I said before, I loved chemistry. So I was going to go and just get a degree in chemistry. And my dad, even though he had no education, says to me, he says, "Lou, when you become a chemist, what are you going to do with that?" I said, "Well, Dad, I'm not sure. Maybe I'll go work in a drug company. Maybe I'll teach chemistry in a university." He said okay. He said, "Doesn't a pharmacist know chemistry?" I said yeah. He said, "Well, if you go to pharmacy school, that's also chemistry. When you graduate, you could have a job right away, and then you can decide what you want to do after that." So my dad, completely uneducated. Of course, as a carpenter he did a lot of work for pharmacists in the pharmacies, in the stores, in their homes, and so on. So the net result was I went to pharmacy school, but I took three or four additional courses I didn't have to take in pure chemistry. So I graduated with a degree in pharmacy and chemistry, and I used that to move forward.
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Daniel Inouye

Medal of Honor

Daniel Inouye: You must keep in mind that my mother was a devout Methodist. She was a member of the Women's Christian Temperance Union. Saloon busters, you know? So going to church was part of my life. At the time of December the 7th, I was a Sunday School teacher. Sang in a choir. I would say I was a good Christian boy. Read from the Bible. I still do. The Ten Commandments. And so here I am now in uniform, and we get out to the firing range, and I find that I'm the best shot in the company. I couldn't make sense of it, because I had never fired a gun in my life. And the instructor said, "That's why you're good. You don't have any bad habits. You just follow instructions." So my first assignment, which lasted about a month, I was a sniper. But then they made me an assistant squad leader, so they gave me a couple of stripes. I was too young for that.
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Jeremy Irons

Award-winning Stage and Screen Actor

I remember particularly when the principal -- a great man called Nat Brenner who is sadly now dead, a great man of the theater -- he was talking to us, and he was asking people why they wanted to become an actor and what they had been doing. And there were people, they had done -- they'd sold ice cream in Mongolia, they'd made ballet shoes in Brisbane, they had done extraordinary things. He said, "What have you done?" I said, "Well, I haven't done anything really. I sing a bit." He said, "Why do you want to be an actor?" I said, "I don't know. I just think it's quite nice." Anyway, he talked to me. I think he saw the window that I was and took me on. But as I say, in the two years I learned various skills. I learned a little bit about the theater, about styles, about how to speak, how to stand, how to sing -- not using my nose like Bob Dylan, but actually sing -- using my diaphragm. And at the end of the two years, five of us were chosen to go down into the theater, into the Bristol Old Vic company itself.
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