Academy of Achievement Logo
Home
Achiever Gallery
Keys to Success
 Passion
 Vision
   + [ Preparation ]
 Courage
 Perseverance
 Integrity
 The American Dream
Achievement Podcasts
About the Academy
For Teachers

Search the site

Academy Careers

 
 
Key to success: Vision Key to success: Passion Key to success: Perseverance Key to success: Preparation Key to success: Courage Key to success: Integrity Key to success: The American Dream Keys to success homepage More quotes on Passion More quotes on Vision More quotes on Courage More quotes on Integrity More quotes on Preparation More quotes on Perseverance More quotes on The American Dream


Albie Sachs

Constitutional Court of South Africa

I was doing fascinating, interesting work. I was working on a new bill of rights, why we needed a bill of rights in a free South Africa. And there was a lot of opposition from very progressive, very bright, young black students to a bill of rights. They saw it as a "bill of whites." That the bill of rights was there to be opposed to democracy. "Once we get the vote, we won't be able to do anything because our hands will be tied by provisions in the constitution that will insure that all the property " and by law the whites owned 87 percent of the surface area of South Africa. But "By law they would be able to hang on to 87 percent of the surface area through a bill of rights. They would constitutionalize apartheid." And I had to explain -- and under Oliver Tambo's leadership I was given the authority and the responsibility of doing that -- "The bill of rights can be emancipatory, a progressive bill of rights that includes social economic rights, that allows for transformation and change under conditions of equality and fairness is part of a bill of rights. We mustn't allow extremely conservative, ultra-conservative people to write the bill of rights and tie our hands and make the constitution an unpopular document in our country. We must insure that the terms of the bill of rights recognize the rights of everybody, and especially the rights of the dispossessed, the marginalized, the poor, the women suffering under patriarchal domination, the children who have no rights at all, people dispossessed of their land, workers trying to get a decent job with a decent wage. They are all part and parcel of the bill of rights project, as well as people who invest who want their investments protected, who want to insure that there is a rule of law if there should be any economic transformation." So we were debating all these questions while we were in exile, and it meant we were ready. We were ready when the day came.
View Interview with Albie Sachs
View Biography of Albie Sachs
View Profile of Albie Sachs
View Photo Gallery of Albie Sachs



Albie Sachs

Constitutional Court of South Africa

We had a very industrious team. We worked day and night, day and night. We'd lived everywhere in the world. We'd lived in the United States and Canada. We'd lived in East Germany and West Germany. We'd lived in Cuba and we'd lived in the Argentine. We'd lived all over Europe, all over Africa. We didn't have to study textbooks to know about political systems. We had to remember our lives in the Soviet Union. We'd seen advantages and disadvantages of different systems, and we had a very, very powerful negotiating team. And in the end, I think it's fair to say all the main elements of our constitutional order derived their strength from the wisdom of the leadership of the ANC in wanting a constitution that would embrace everybody, and that was the vision of Oliver Tambo. He'd always had that. He'd always had the vision of the Freedom Charter, an open, pluralistic, democratic society where people could say their say. They could agree to disagree, as long as they agreed on certain basic fundamentals. No human being was more important than any other human being, that everybody had to be looked at with equal respect and concern. That was foundational, and that was our answer to the idea of the whites having special reserved seats and veto powers which would have been a disaster in South Africa. Whites had to be people like everybody else, with the same rights, responsibilities and duties. The same concerns, anxieties, hopes for their children, whatever it might be. Fully respected, but not somehow a specially protected group in our society. We fought hard for that, and we won that in the new constitution order.
View Interview with Albie Sachs
View Biography of Albie Sachs
View Profile of Albie Sachs
View Photo Gallery of Albie Sachs



Jonas Salk

Developer of Polio Vaccine

In some instances, anti-semitism played a role. I always realized that was always a factor. In fact, I almost didn't get into medical school because of quotas at that time. So, I was prepared for other eventualities. I was already prepared to go to graduate school to study endocrinology, for example, if I had not gone into medical school. It becomes necessary to be prepared for alternative paths. There may be a greater opportunity when something is denied.
View Interview with Jonas Salk
View Biography of Jonas Salk
View Profile of Jonas Salk
View Photo Gallery of Jonas Salk



Jonas Salk

Developer of Polio Vaccine

Reason alone will not serve. Intuition alone can be improved by reason, but reason alone without intuition can easily lead the wrong way. The both are necessary. The way I like to put it is that I might have an intuition about something, I send it over to the reason department. Then after I've checked it out in the reason department, I send it back to the intuition department to make sure that it's still all right. For myself, that's how my mind works, and that's how I work. That's why I think that there is both an art and a science to what we do. The art of science is as important as so-called technical science. You need both. It's this combination that must be recognized and acknowledged and valued.
View Interview with Jonas Salk
View Biography of Jonas Salk
View Profile of Jonas Salk
View Photo Gallery of Jonas Salk



Barry Scheck

Co-Founder, Innocence Project

Clinical education was a pretty important development and I got in at the very beginning in legal education. I was able to start clinical programs -- not just this criminal law clinic, and the Innocence Project was started as a clinical program -- but lots of other clinical programs in the law school. And the reason I say that, is that now there is a lot of talk about creating law schools only two years. I think that's because we need clinics for the second and third years to really enrich the experience. In the first year of law school what we teach students is -- quote -- how to think like a lawyer. Which really means we teach them analytical skills: how to read the cases, how to reason about precedent. And that is important, to at least understand how the court system works in that way, and the justice system works. But what clinical education always was supposed to do is if you had people with analytical abilities, then you can take them to the next level and start dealing with, in some instances, real cases. They could be small cases, it could be a test case, reform litigation. But you would actually look at institutions in an interdisciplinary way to try to solve problems. And you would do fact investigation, which really is quite important to the development of law, because you can have the analytical principles that decide cases, but who created the facts? And how you gather the facts, and how you marshal them and present them, is of enormous importance for lawyers.
View Interview with Barry Scheck
View Biography of Barry Scheck
View Profile of Barry Scheck
View Photo Gallery of Barry Scheck



Barry Scheck

Co-Founder, Innocence Project

The clinical movement really changed legal education. Then there was a focus on seeing the client as a person and a greater understanding and engagement in ethical issues. So I think that -- and medicine has always worked like this, right? We have internships and residencies where you are mentored in the context of really treating patients. The clinical movement in American legal education I think has had an enormous impact. And certainly I think that all the work that I have done with my colleagues is not just let's say starting the Innocence Project and getting innocent people out of jail with DNA testing, which is this great scientific advance. But you know, we have -- it's an interdisciplinary approach. So we look at issues of psychology, with eyewitness misidentification and false confessions. And you have to learn something about molecular genetics, and serology, and physics, and pattern evidence, and statistics and probabilities, and all of the science -- cognitive science -- which is changing the world. And it has to be integrated into the law. I think that that's where we have really had our success. I don't think that that would have happened if I hadn't been involved in clinical education, because that's really what clinical education is supposed to be.
View Interview with Barry Scheck
View Biography of Barry Scheck
View Profile of Barry Scheck
View Photo Gallery of Barry Scheck



Browse Preparation quotes by achiever last name

Previous Page

          

Next Page