Franklin Story Musgrave was born in Boston and raised on his parents' farm near Stockbridge, Massachusetts. By his own account, his early home life was violent and chaotic, but he found solace in nature and learned habits of self-sufficiency at an early age. As a small child, he wandered alone in the neighboring woods, and by his teens he was operating and repairing tractors, trucks and combines.
At 18, Story Musgrave joined the United States Marine Corps. In the Corps, he served as an aircraft electrician and mechanic, and learned to fly. After completing this service, he enrolled at Syracuse University where, in 1958, he received a bachelor of science degree in mathematics and statistics. Upon graduation from Syracuse, he went to work for the Eastman Kodak Company as a mathematician and operations analyst.
In the years that followed, he earned an MBA in operations analysis and computer programming from UCLA. The following year he added a bachelor's degree in chemistry from Marietta College and, in 1964, received his Doctor of Medicine degree from Columbia University. Leaving Kodak, he served a surgical internship at the University of Kentucky Medical Center in Lexington. He remained at Kentucky on post-doctoral fellowships from the Air Force and the Heart Institute, earning an additional master's degree in physiology and biophysics. High-altitude flight and the then-new space program had created new areas of medicine, and Dr. Musgrave was in the forefront, pursuing research in cardiovascular and exercise physiology and in the medicine of aviation.
From 1967 to 1989, while working for NASA, Musgrave served as a trauma surgeon at Denver General Hospital, and as a part-time professor of physiology at and biophysics at the University of Kentucky Medical Center. He also trained as a pilot and parachutists, earning his Air Force Wings and FAA ratings as flight instructor, instrument instructor, glider instructor, and airline transport pilot. He has flown 160 different types of civilian and military aircraft, and has made more than 800 free falls, including 100 experimental free-falls designed to study human aerodynamics.
Perhaps the most dramatic of Story Musgrave's space mission was the fifth, on the Shuttle Endeavour. Musgrave commanded the mission to repair the damaged Hubble Space Telescope. During this 11-day mission, the Telescope was restored to full functionality. The repairs required five spacewalks, three performed by Dr. Musgrave himself.
Story Musgrave flew his last space mission in January, 1996, on the Space Shuttle Columbia. On this mission, the crew deployed and retrieved reusable satellites for studying the origin and composition of the stars, and to experiment with super-vacuum conditions in which thin film wafers can be grown for use in the semiconductor industry.
A lifelong student, he has earned seven graduate degrees in all, including master's degrees in literature and psychology. His interests include poetry, chess, gardening, photography, computer, running, scuba diving, flying and soaring in gliders. Today, he conducts multiple enterprises, including a palm farm in Orlando, Florida, a production company in Sydney, Australia, and a sculpture company in Burbank, California. In addition to his business activities, he practices landscape architecture and serves as a consultant with Walt Disney Imagineering and teaches at Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California.
Hubble telescope and return safely to the Endeavour Shuttle in 1993.
See planet earth like an astronaut in space.